Inside our red cells is the protein called Hemoglobin which carries oxygen to all parts of the body.

hemoglobin is not formed properly and you get a condition called Thalassemia.

These are due to defects in the chromosome and so run in families.

They are also known to occur in certain communities only.

In India, it affects Gujaratis, Parsis, Sindhis, Marwaris, Tribals, Chettiars, Muslims to name a few.

If there is inter marriage between close relatives,
the severe form of Thalassemia called Major will occur and the child will be born with severe anemia and struggles to survive.


Regular blood transfusion is the only remedy.

Stem cell therapy is a proven way of treatment but very expensive.

In a condition called Thalassemia trait, the patient has a mild anemia with small sized red cells.

This is not a threat to life and normally no treatment is necessary.

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When we get a small injury it is these platelets which spring into action and stops bleeding.
Many virus infections cause low platelets and in India, Dengue infection is one of the common causes for this problem.

Some people are prone to developing thrombosis or clots in their blood vessels.
These can all be detected by special tests and need regular monitoring and treatment by a hematologist.